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FALL PREVENTION

Falls are a common cause of injury in senior citizens. Fortunately, many falls are preventable. Here are some simple measures you can take to greatly reduce the risk of falling:

Inside Your Home:

  • Remove throw rugs.
  • Repair worn carpets.
  • Reduce clutter from floor - clear away small objects such as step stools.
  • Remove electrical cords from pathways.
  • Replace or eliminate furniture too low to rise from.
  • Ensure that the telephone is reachable from the floor or carry a portable phone in your walker basket or fanny pack.
  • Place frequently used items in easy-to-reach cabinets.
  • Install handrails on all stairs.
  • If there are multiple steps in an area, mark the top and bottom stair with contrasting tape.
  • When on the stairs, hold the handrail and look down to check your footing with every step.
  • Place your entire foot on the step.
  • Keep the pathway to the bathroom well lit with night-lights.
  • Install grab bars in shower and near the toilet.
  • Place non-skid mats in the shower/tub.
  • Use shower chair/bath bench for bathing.
  • Use recommended walking aids (cane, walker).
  • Wear prescribed glasses when walking.
  • Wear properly fitted shoes with non-skid soles.
  • Wear flat or low-heeled, closed-toe shoes.
  • Avoid walking in stocking feet or loose slippers.
  • When getting out of bed, sit for a few seconds before standing to avoid becoming lightheaded or dizzy.
  • Be aware of medication side effects. Take extra caution when moving about if necessary.
  • Be aware of combining medications. Ask your doctor or pharmacist to review their combined effects.

Outside Your Home:

  • Repair cracked sidewalks.
  • Keep shrubbery trimmed back from access paths around the home.
  • Install adequate lighting.
  • Install handrails on stairs.
  • When possible, select a vehicle that sits higher for easier entry and exit.


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