Falls are a common cause of injury in senior citizens.
Fortunately, many falls are preventable. Here are some
simple measures you can take to greatly reduce the risk
- Remove throw rugs.
- Repair worn carpets.
- Reduce clutter from floor - clear away small objects
such as step stools.
- Remove electrical cords from pathways.
- Replace or eliminate furniture too low to rise from.
- Ensure that the telephone is reachable from the
floor or carry a portable phone in your walker basket
or fanny pack.
- Place frequently used items in easy-to-reach cabinets.
- Install handrails on all stairs.
- If there are multiple steps in an area, mark the
top and bottom stair with contrasting tape.
- When on the stairs, hold the handrail and look down
to check your footing with every step.
- Place your entire foot on the step.
- Keep the pathway to the bathroom well lit with night-lights.
- Install grab bars in shower and near the toilet.
- Place non-skid mats in the shower/tub.
- Use shower chair/bath bench for bathing.
- Use recommended walking aids (cane, walker).
- Wear prescribed glasses when walking.
- Wear properly fitted shoes with non-skid soles.
- Wear flat or low-heeled, closed-toe shoes.
- Avoid walking in stocking feet or loose slippers.
- When getting out of bed, sit for a few seconds before
standing to avoid becoming lightheaded or dizzy.
- Be aware of medication side effects. Take extra
caution when moving about if necessary.
- Be aware of combining medications. Ask your doctor
or pharmacist to review their combined effects.
- Repair cracked sidewalks.
- Keep shrubbery trimmed back from access paths around
- Install adequate lighting.
- Install handrails on stairs.
- When possible, select a vehicle that sits higher
for easier entry and exit.