Understanding Community Types

Each type of community provides different services based on the lifestyle and health-care needs of the residents.

Independent Living Communities

Independent Living Communities are appropriate for residents who are independent with their ADLs (Activity of Daily Living). They offer meal programs, transportation, activities/programming, and house keeping services.

Residential Care Facilities for the Elderly (RCFE)

There are three types of communities, all licensed as RCFEs. These communities are licensed as non-medical entities and overseen by the Department of Social Services.

Assisted Living Communities

Assisted Living Communities accommodate from 40 to 200 people. They generally work better for people who are physically active and mentally alert allowing them to take advantage of the daily outings and activities that are offered. In an AL community, each resident has his or her own apartment, generally with a private bathroom. Meals are served in a central dining room. Twenty-four hour assistance is available, and care plans are developed for each resident to accommodate personal care needs. Emergency assistance is accessed through a pendant or intercom system in each room.

Board and Care Homes

Board and Care Homes are residential, smaller assisted living options that have been converted to accommodate usually six residents, with one or more caregivers. Board and Care Homes are appropriate for people who require a higher level of care. They offer a quieter environment with less activity.

Memory Care Communities

Memory Care Communities provide specialized care, supervision for people with cognitive impairment. They are secure environments for residents who are prone to wander and offer programing that reflects their specialized needs.

Skilled Nursing Facilities

Skilled Nursing Facilities are sub-acute medical facilities that provide 24-hour nursing care. Most skilled nursing facilities’ patients are admitted for short-term rehab following an acute hospitalization.

Continuing Care Retirement Communities (CCRC)

These communities have a large entrance fee in addition to monthly charges. Depending on the community, it is generally required that residents are independent to move in, and typically a move within the community occurs if specific care needs develop.

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